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New Delhi, the national capital of India is famous for its culture, tradition and effervescent history. Delhi is the third largest city in India and now the most preferred city in terms of investments, industrialization, Information Technology, Healthcare, Real Estate, etc.
Standing along the West End of Gangetic Plain, the capital city, Delhi, unwinds a picture rich with culture, architecture and human diversity, deep in history, monuments, museums, galleries, gardens and exotic shows. Comprising of two contrasting yet harmonious parts, the Old Delhi and New Delhi, the city is a travel hub of Northern India.
New Delhi is the blend of old and new. The contrast between the two is very much visible by the culture, lifestyle and tradition. Old Delhi still has the influence of Mughals with monuments, mosques and forts all through the complicated streets. Old bazaars and food are some of the specialties of Old Delhi. Whereas New Delhi is completely different with lifestyle and city's architecture having the influence of British Rule in India.
New Delhi is famous for its planned landscape and spacious streets with shades of greenery. Major commercial establishments are situated in New Delhi's business hubs like Connaught Place, Nehru Place, Bhikaji cama , South Extension and ITO. With more and more tourists coming to Delhi, the government has a special ministry to look into the well being of visitors. Tours and travel agencies in the city provide tourism services ranging from accommodation to guide and sight-seeing. Delhi tourism department has set up help desk services for foreign tourists who can find all necessary information about the city. Some of the major tourist attractions in Delhi include India Gate, Rashtrapati Bhavan, Rajghat, Jama Masjid, Qutab Minar, Red Fort, Humayun's Tomb, Safdarjang's Tomb, Purana Qila, Jantar Mantar and Akshardham temple.
History of Delhi
In 1192 the legions of the Afghan warrior Muhammad of Ghori captured the Rajput town, and the Delhi Sultanate was established (1206). The invasion of Delhi by Timur in 1398 put an end to the sultanate; the Lodis, last of the Delhi sultans, gave way to Babur, who, after the battle of Panipat in 1526, founded the Mughal Empire. The early Mughal emperors favoured Agra as their capital, and Delhi became their permanent seat only after Shah Jahan built (1638) the walls of Old Delhi.
From Hindu Kings to Muslim Sultans, the reins of the city kept shifting from one ruler to another. The soils of the city smell of blood, sacrifices and love for the nation. The old 'Havelis' and edifices from the past stand silent but their silence also speaks volumes for their owners and people who lived here centuries back.
In the year 1803 AD, the city came under the British rule. In 1911, British shifted their capital from Calcutta to Delhi. It again became the center of all the governing activities. But, the city has the reputation of over throwing the occupants of its throne. It included the British and the current political parties that have had the honour of leading free India.
After independence in 1947, New Delhi was officially declared as the Capital of India.
Khajuraho, also spelled Khajraho, ancient Kharjuravahaka, historic town, northern Madhya Pradeshstate, central India. It is a famous tourist and archaeological site known for its sculptured temples dedicated to Shiva, Vishnu, and Jaina patriarchs. The monuments at Khajuraho were designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1986.
[Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh state, India, designated a World Heritage site in 1986.]Vishnu; LakshmiVishnu with his consort Lakshmi, from the temple dedicated to Parshvanatha in the eastern temple complex at Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh.
History of Khajuraho
Khajuraho, or Kharjuravahaka, was one of the capitals of the kings of the Chandela, who from the 9th to the 11th century CE developed a large realm, Jejakabhukti (Jijhoti). At its height Jejakabhukti included almost all of what is now Madhya Pradesh state, centred in the historic Bundelkhandregion. The original capital extended over an area of some 8 square miles (21 square km) and contained about 85 temples, built by successive rulers from about 950 to 1050. In the late 11th century the Chandela, in a period of chaos and decline, moved to hill forts elsewhere. Khajuraho continued its religious importance until the 14th century but was afterward largely forgotten; its remoteness probably saved it from the desecration that the Muslim, or Mughal, conquerors generally inflicted on Hindu monuments. In 1838 a British army captain, T.S. Burt, came upon information that led him to the rediscovery of the complex of temples in the jungle in Khajuraho.
Gwalior is a historic city situated in Madhya Pradesh. It is located 122 kilometres (76 mi) south of Agra, and 423 kilometres (263 mi) north of Bhopal, the state capital.Gwalior is surrounded by industrial and commercial zones of neighboring districts (Malanpur - Bhind, Banmor - Morena) on all three main directions. Gwalior is one of the largest city of Central India and is often referred to as the tourist capital of the Madhya-Pradesh; The State being called as The Heart Of Incredible India.
The city was once the seat of reigning Rajputs namely Pratiharas, Kachwahas, and Tomars and Marathas who have left behind their footprints in the form of palaces, forts, temples, and other monuments giving Gwalior a unique appeal and facade.
History of Gwalior
Ancient Times In ancient times the city was known as Gopgiri or Gopadri. The central hillock over which the fort of Gwalior is situated was referred to as Gopachal. During the later period of the 2nd century the Nagvansh clan established themselves in the region with the administrative headquarters in Vidisha however later the capital was shifted to Padmavati (modern Pawaya) by Bhimnag. Coins asserting the administrative rights of the clan have been found here , later they were defeated by Samudragupta as per a pillar inscription found inAllahabad.
Medieval Times The city was attacked by Mohammad Ghori who appointed his commander Sallachan as the administrative ruler of Gwalior. Later during the rule of Slave dynasty Iltutmishwas appointed as the in-charge of fort. During the later period of 14th century the Tomars established themselves as the ruler of the region. This period saw the ascension of one of the most famous Tomar rulers namely Man Singh Tomar. After the first battle of Panipat , Gwalior became part of Mughal Empire. A description of the fort of Gwalior can be found in the biography of Babur.
Modern Times In the aftermath of third battle of Panipat the Jats were able to ascertain their supremacy but in 1765 Mahadaji Shinde, took over the throne. In 1948 the states of Indore and Gwalior were merged along with some other small states to form Madhya Bharat. Present Madhya Pradesh was formed on 1st November 1956 after merging Madhya Bharat, Bhopal, Vindhya and Mahakoshal.
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