Tour Name : Taj Mahal Tour
Duration Tour: : 02 days/01 night
Tourist Places: Delhi – Agra
Detailed information about this Tourist Package.
DAY O1: DELHI -AGRA (200 KM, 4 Hrs)
Morning breakfast in hotel & proceed to city tour of Old Delhi and New Delhi visiting Raj Ghat and Shanti Van – the cremation sites of Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru, Jama Masjid and drive past Red Fort and Chandni Chowk. Afternoon visit Qutub Minar built by Qutub-ud-Din Aibek in 1199, Humayun’s Tomb, India Gate (War Memorial Arch), Lakshmi Narayan Temple – a modern Hindu Temple. Also drive past President’s House, Parliament House, Akshardham Temple. Evening drive to Agra. Overnight in Agra.
DAY O2: AGRA – DELHI (200 KM, 4 Hrs) (Taj Mahal remains closed on Friday)
After morning breakfast proceed to Agra city tour. first, we see the Taj Mahal a poem of love and the constructed by the white marble, built by Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaj Mahal. It took twenty-two years and hard toil of more than twenty thousand workers to construct Taj Mahal. The beauty of the Taj Mahal is enchanting and it reflects the marvelous beauty of architecture. Taj Mahal symbolizes the richness of art and architecture of the Mughal period. After visiting the Red Fort. after Drive back to Delhi. Enroute visit Sikandra & Lord Krishna birthplace in Mathura Temple. after continuing to Delhi Upon arrival in Delhi. Transfer to Delhi International Airport or hotel/Goa/Mumbai/Kerala. The program will be modified according to the Guest.
Above Tour Cost Include:
Accommodation twin & double sharing Basis as per program. Daily breakfast & dinner at the hotel. All transportation by AC Deluxe Car Latest Model vehicle throughout the Tour. Services of our Assistance Representative for Airport Transfer as per the program. Services of English, German, French, Italian, Spanish, Polish, Japanese, Chinese speaking Guides as per the itinerary. Mineral Water. Quote inclusive of presently applicable Government service taxes. Above Tour Cost Does Not Include International flight.
Medical and insurance of any kind, Monument entrance fee. Any expenses arising out of unforeseen circumstances like flight delay/cancellation/hike in fare, strike or any other natural calamities.Personal nature Expenses i.e. Telephone Calls, laundry, Soft/hard drink, Meals, Tipping etc.
Agra is a city located in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is nestled on the banks of River Yamuna and was the former capital of Hindustan. Today, the city is a major tourist’s attraction that boasts 3 UNESCO listed World Heritage Sites including Tāj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpūr Sikrī. Agra, along with Delhi and Jaipur is part of the Golden Triangle tourism circuit of India. Below are some things you need to know about Agra.
1. How to get there
The best way to get to Agra is fly into Delhi and take the train down to Agra. There are two railway stations in Agra - Agra Fort and Agra Cantt. From any of these stations, you will pay approximately about 100 rupees to your accommodation.
2. Where to stay
Where you stay in Agra depends on your budget. For those on lean budgets, there are a number of guesthouses around Taj Mahal. Please feel free to contact North South Traveland one of our Travel Specialists would be happy to book your flights and accommodation in Agra.
3. Getting Around
Like in all Indian cities, getting around the city can be a nightmare. The best way to see the city is on foot and by doing a local tour of the city.
4. Sites to visit
Among the places you can visit includes the historic Taj Mahal, the Mughal built Agra Fort, the Tomb of I’timād-ud-Daulah popularly known as Baby Taj, Mehtab Bagh Gardens, Sadar Bazaar and many more. Make sure you see as many of Agra's tourist sites as possible. While at it, take a few photos and upload then on your Facebook timeline. They are good references of the fond memories you have had through the years.
5. What to eat
Agra is the Mughal cuisines capital. You will get to sample delicious dishes such as tandoori chicken and a stack of hot tandoori rotis at the affordable rates at some great restaurants in the city.
Of all the Indian cities, none is better than Agra to give you insights into the Mughal Empire way of life. It is quiet (by Indian standards) and inviting. The people are mostly friendly and will go out of their way to make your stay comfortable.
History of Agra
The history of this beautiful city has monuments that hold memories dating back to centuries ago. In fact this city is as old as time can be. It dates back to the amazing mythical tales of Mahabharata. It was re –designed when the Mughal Rule took over in the 15th Century. The Mughal ruler called Sultan Sikander Lodi is the main founder of the world famous tourist attraction called Agra. This beautiful city was founded way back in the year 1504.
Agra first finds mention in the Hindu epic Mahabharata as 'Agraban', ban meaning forest in Sanskrit. At that time, Agra was nothing but an arid forest land where Black Bucks could be spotted, as mentioned by Abu'l Fazl, one of the Navratnas or nine jewels at Akbar's court. He accounts the incident of emperor watching his 'chita-i-khas' or royal cheetah hunting a blackbuck after bouncing across a river and chasing it down, in Akbarnama. This account proves that Agra's surrounding areas were still forests during the rule of Akbar. Agra has been predominantly ruled by Muslim Dynasties, but before the Sultanate Rule and the advent of the Mughals, Agra is said to be founded by Raja Badal Singh in 1475.
Taj Mahal stands in the city of Agra, in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, on the banks of the Yamuna River. The history of Agra, the Taj Mahal India is one of the great love stories of the world. The Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan ruled from 1628 to 1658 and was married to Arjumand Bano Begum. He called his wife Mumtaz Mahal (Crown of the Palace), because she was so loved to him. Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan had 14 children and the queen accompanied Shah Jahan everywhere. The history of Agra, the Taj Mahal tells us many mythology and facts associated with this wonderful structure. Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan Built the Taj Mahal in the remembrance of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Mumtaz Mahal (Arjumand Bano Begum), an indivisible companion of Shah Jahan, died in 1631, while giving birth to their 14th child. Her dying wish to Shah Jahan was that he should construct a tomb in her remembrance such as the world had never seen before. The history of Agra, the Taj Mahal begins with Mumtaz Mahal's tragic end. It is thought that during her last moments, Mumtaz Mahal obtained a promise from Shah Jahan that he will build world's most beautiful tribute in her remembrance. But this has not been proven to be true, till date. However, Shah Jahan did certainly build a wonderful monument as a tribute to her wife, which we today know as the "Taj Mahal". Shah Jahan, himself also, lies entombed in this tomb along with his wife. The construction of Taj Mahal started in the year 1631 and it took just about 22 years to build it. An essence of love, it made use of the services of 22,000 laborers and 1,000 elephants. It was built totally out of white marble, which was brought in from all over India and central Asia. After an expenditure of approximately 32 million rupees, The Taj Mahal was finally finished in the year 1653. However, the history of Agra Taj Mahal of India still has some gaps. Their real tombs are in an underground room of the Taj Mahal. The two ornamentally decorated tombs on the ground floor, protected by the dome of the Taj Mahal are part of the stylistic design of this beautiful monument in Agra India. The history of the Taj Mahal in Agra is a love story that transcends time and continues to be retold each day to the tourists who trip the Taj Mahal in Agra India.
Home to some of the most iconic historical monuments in the world and India's proud representative of the Seven Wonders of the World- the Taj Mahal, Agra is a city holding rich historical background and a strong cultural heritage. The initial reference to the city of Agra comes from the epic Mahabharata, where it is referred to as "Agraban" and "Arya Griha", which means the abode of the Aryans. There has been a lot of political influence on Agra, and it has served as the capital city for the Mughal Dynasty, for a long span of fifteen years.
Agra was bejewelled with beautiful palaces and verdant gardens by Jahangir, while the glorious city adorned its real glory during the reign of Shahjahan, who gifted the city with the world famous Taj Mahal. Not only the Mughals, but there were also a lot of other rulers who contributed significantly towards the vibrant heritage and history of Agra. Lodhi Dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate also ruled the city for many decades.
Though formally accepted as being founded and developed by the Mughal Empire, there are links that date back to the mythological times. It is said that the History of Agra is as old as 1000 BC. There are no specific dates about its origin of the mythological times. Below is a smaller, simpler and short breakdown of the History of Agra at each developmental stage.
Ruler Ruled On Agra
1504 : Sultan Sikander Lodi founded the glorious city in Agra
1526 : Barbur captured the city in the year.
1565 : Emperor Akbar third in line to Barbur commissioned the magnificent Agra Red Fort. He was known as the building genius and structured several monuments around the centered Agra Fort.
1631 : Emperor Shah Jahan commissioned this flawless poetic & romantic marble structure in memory of his beloved third wife, Mumtaz.
The structure has world acclaim and earned coveted titles like Seven Wonders of the World and recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Soon a township around the nucleolus of Taj came to be known as Taj Ganj. The town was mostly inhabited by craftsmen who began selling marble mini Taj. In the course of time the great Emperor Aurangzeb took over the reins. Soon this city with amazing monuments was taken by Marathas and Jhats too.
1803: General Lake of the British Raj took over when Agra earned back its prominence in the north- western cities. During the transition from Jats to the British Rule there were several pricy exquisite pieces carried away. Several great monuments were plundered and saw decline until present modern times.
Agra continues to attract many tourists from around the world. People come all the way to sight the world famous Taj Mahalknown for its symbol of love. Not to mention the formidable Agra Red Fort, gated Fatehpur Sikri, enormous Buland Darwaza, plush Mughali Gardens and of course the interesting historical tales that each monument has to say.
Agra is a major road and rail junction and a commercial and industrial centre known for its leather goods, cut stone, and handwoven carpets. Tourism is a major factor in the city’s economy. The city is the seat of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar University (formerly Agra University), founded in 1927. The suburbs of Agra contain the state psychiatric hospital and Dayalbagh, a colony of the Radha Soami Satsangreligious sect (founded in the city in 1861).
Under Lodi Dynasty
The first Muslim Rulers of Agra were the Lodi Dynasty. Sikandar Lodi shifted his capital from Delhi to Agra in the year 1506, and since then, Agra as a city gained prominence. Agra started to flourish progressively as a human settlement mainly because of the river Yamuna flowing through it, which made agriculture possible. Agriculture remained the primary activity as the trade at the time was limited. The hold of the Lodi Dynasty in Agra came to an end in 1526, when it suffered a defeat in a battle against Babur, the first Mughal ruler of India.
The Mughal Era
The influence of Islam steadily rose in the city of Agra with Babur on the throne. In 1530 when Babur died he was succeeded by his son, Humayun. The rule was briefly interrupted by Sher Shah Suri, an Afghan ruler, who defeated Humayun and took over the city. He was a competent ruler, but his rule was short lived. He died in a gunpowder explosion while fighting in Bundelkhand and Humayun regained the throne of Agra. Humayun was succeeded by his son Akbar, who took the throne in 1558. It was during the reign of Akbar when Mughal Architecture gained prominence in Agra.
Akbar consolidated his power and reconstructed the Agra Fort from a mud-walled structure left behind by the Lodi's into a colossal Fort made of Red sandstone. Many other halls were added to this magnificent Fort later on by his predecessors, Jahangir and Shah Jahan. Akbar ruled Agra for more than four decades during which he built a new city, Fatehpur Sikri, a few kilometres ahead of Agra. During Akbar's reign, Agra became the hub of trade and transformed into a grand city. Many started calling the city Akbarabad. After Akbar's death in 1605, the throne was taken over by his son Jahangir, who paved the way for the British to set foot in Agra. Mughal architecture continued to flourish during the time of Jahangir, and the tomb of Itmad-ud-daulah was added to the list of great structures of the city.
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